The second toe is the one most often affected. These deformities occur due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight.
Most hammertoes are caused by wearing ill-fitting, tight or high-heeled shoes combined with little or no arch support over a long period of time. Shoes that don’t fit well can crowd the toes, putting pressure on the middle toes and causing them to curl downward.
The condition can be extremely painful, but there are many treatments available to ease the pain.
Hammer toes are flexible to begin with. If hammer toe is not treated promptly, they may become fixed and require surgery to correct them.
Fast facts on hammer toe
- Hammer toe is caused by a muscle imbalance in the toes.
- The primary symptom is a bent toe, resembling a hammer.
- Without prompt treatment, hammer toes get progressively worse.
- Simple exercises can treat and prevent hammer toe.
Wearing high heels can cause hammertoe.
Hammer toe occurs from an imbalance in the muscles surrounding the middle toe joint. These muscles, tendons, and ligaments work together to bend and straighten the toes.
If one of the muscles weakens, it cannot bend or straighten the toe. If the toe stays bent long enough, the muscles tighten and the toe will not be able to straighten out.
These muscle weaknesses and imbalances are caused by a variety of factors. Because some of the causes for hammer toe are avoidable, it is possible to minimize risk of developing hammer toe.
Causes of hammer toe include the following:
- Certain shoes – wearing high heels or shoes that are too tight through the box can force toes into a flexed position.
- Gender – women are more likely to develop hammer toe than men.
- Injuries – broken, stubbed, or jammed toes may be more susceptible.
- Age – risk increases with age.
- Toe length – if the second toe is longer than the big toe, it’s more likely
- Certain diseases – people suffering from conditions like arthritis or diabetes are more likely to develop foot problems, including hammer toe.
- Genetics – sometimes, hammer toe is hereditary and may run in families.
Hammer toe, like many other foot problems, can be avoided with wearing proper footwear. Proper footwear should have the following:
- Low heels – higher heels force the feet into unnatural positions and often bend the toes.
- Enough toe room – shoes should be properly sized and pointy-toed shoes should be avoided.
- Adjustability – shoes with adjustable laces and straps are best.
- Proper arch support – arch support prevents a number of foot ailments. For fashionable footwear designed and built with orhotic support go to https://www.dtfootwear.com
When to see a doctor
While not a medical emergency, hammer toe does worsen over time. It is necessary for people to see a doctor promptly after noticing any symptoms of hammer toe or other foot issues.
If you want to offload that hammertoe problem come and visit us at www.dtfootwear.com